The transportation system is one of the most important features of prosperity in any society. The distribution and abundance of public transport is one of the hallmarks of advanced cities. The transportation system in Tehran includes the subway/metro, normal and express buses as well as public, private and online taxis
Imam Khomeini International Airport
IATA: IKA, ICAO: OIIE, is the main international airport located 30 kilometers Southwest of Tehran in an area of 13,500 hectares. After Mehrabad and Mashhad Airports, it ranks 3rd in terms of total passenger traffic. The airport is under supervision of the Iran Airports Company and is the base for Iran’s international airlines, such as Iran Air, Mahan, Aseman.
Mehrabad International Airport
Mehrabad Airport (IATA: THR, ICAO: OIII), in Tehran, is the oldest airport in operation (from the late 1930s) and was utilized as the main domestic and international airport of the country a decade later, until 2007. Currently, Mehrabad is the main airport for domestic flights and is still the busiest in Iran in terms of passenger traffic and aircraft movements, handling nearly 18 million passengers a year.
There are two types of taxi services in Tehran- public and private. Choosing a public taxi saves money but is less comfortable. Public taxis are found in all densely populated areas on major routes and streets. Green and yellow cars with taxi signs pick up passengers along the way. The private taxi, requested by phone from a taxi/cab agency, is a convenient and comfortable way to travel in the city.
Most intercity public taxi stations and spots are easy to find. The minibus taxi is a common way of getting around the city and between towns. They are typically smaller than buses and usually take people on a fixed or semi-fixed route without timetables, but instead depart, when all seats are filled.
Online Taxi Apps
After the successful implementation of online taxi apps such as UBER in the world, similar apps began to emerge in Iran (Snapp, Tap30, and Carpino). Passengers can pin their driver’s location and pay both by credit or cash.
The Bus network is a major public transportation service in Tehran and suburban cities. The bus fare is fixed on all routes and could be either paid by e-cards or cash. The Tehran Bus Company allows ease of access to its network by offering various electronic services (route maps, timetables). Public buses come in many colors- blue, yellow, pink or white.
BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) system is another public transportation services in Tehran with features such as rapid transit, short waiting time, accessibility and proper facilities. The buses have GPS and provide 10 lines in Tehran from North to South and East to West, available 24/7. Payment is normally made at the entry point of the station/stop using electronic cards or E-Tickets.
The subway is the largest inter-city public transportation system connecting many areas and districts in Tehran. The present, active Tehran Metro lines (189 kilometers) has 7 main lines and 107 stations. The subway transfers over 3 million passengers on average in 1,000 wagons. E-tickets (one-way & round-trip) are available at ticket offices in all stations or from ticket machines accepting cash/debit cards. One-way tickets cost 12,000, 12,000 and 90,000 IRR for inter-city, suburban trips and to Imam Khomeini Airport, respectively. Passengers using credit cards may save over 60% on their trips. Each e-ticket costs 50,000 or 70,000 IRR and can be topped up to 500,000 IRR. E-tickets may be used to travel on inter-city, suburban lines and to Imam Khomeini Airport station.