Travel creates special, unforgettable moments of beauty and pleasure. Therefore, in order to experience the perfect trip, one must get information on the customs, clothing, dress, transportation, weather, public holidays, national and religious festivals, community laws and prohibitions, currency regulations and banking and currency conversion, customs regulations, insurance rules, etc.
Tehran is a very safe capital in the region. Cities such as Tehran are home to the great, active civilizations. Whether you are male or female, travel alone or in a group, arrive day or night, Iran is a safe choice. Iran has a very ancient culture, the society is democratic and willingness to help is shown by almost everyone. The tourist will discover a society interested in or excited about people visiting their country. Iranians are helpful regardless of nationality and the hospitality, kindness and enthusiasm will not be forgotten.
Women who plan a trip to Iran should consider the question: How should I dress?
The following information will give you practical advice and help you with any common issues.
Women’s Dress Code
Because of Islam, Iran demands that women dress conservatively and use the legal dress code. Since the Islamic revolution in 1979 all women in Iran, local and foreign, are required by law to wear clothes that do not expose the hair and body. This is known as the Hejab, which includes the chador, the Manteaus and a rusari covering the hair and neck. Girls must wear the hejab from puberty. Women should wear a uniform over their other clothes and a woolen coat over the uniform in winter. Modest colors and designs are acceptable. It’s not unusual to see young women in larger cities wearing figure-hugging manteaus or tightly belted trench-coats, skinny jeans, high heels and colorful rusaris that may show some hair. Some people also wear uniforms open at the front, which has become a new fashion trend.
In the privacy of your home and out of the public eye, any style of dress is acceptable.
In smaller cities, towns and villages the chador is commonly seen and women wear stricter Islamic clothing.
You should keep the rusari (scarf) on in public at all times. The scarf should cover all the hair and be long enough to throw over the shoulders. Some travelers wear a headband and fasten their scarves to it.
These days there are many styles and types of Manteaus (uniform) and people wear thick or thin manteaus depending on the weather. Women do not normally wear skirts outside the house.
The chador (variously spelled as chadah, chadar, chader, chudah, chadur) is a large piece of cloth covering the woman from head to foot. Women must wear a chador when visiting shrines or Imamzadeh, where chadors can be rented for the visit on-site.
Iranians can be formal and become more friendly after several meetings. This is especially true of government officials, representatives of state controlled companies and foundations. Negotiations are normally long, detailed and extended.
The giving and receiving of gifts is common among the private and state sector entrepreneurs and business people. Social customs and business etiquettes go hand in hand as the visitor is shown special hospitality during his work trip to Iran. Officials of the Islamic Republic do not wear ties, but others may. Proper business attire is the suit in Iran and women must adhere to the Islamic dress code. Most officials and private citizens who are very religious do not shake hands with a member of the opposite sex. It is recommended that ladies shake only an extended hand of a man if inclined.
Accidents account for the most cases of injury to the traveler. Iran has some of the best hospitals and medical facilities in the Middle East. Many doctors, especially in larger cities, speak English. Medical facilities in remote areas are more basic.
Availability & Cost of Health Care
Reciprocal medical arrangements between Iran and other countries almost do not exist, so the tourist may have to pay all medical, dental treatment and expenses. Tehran, Isfahan and Shiraz have international standard hospitals and well-trained doctors. Travel insurance usually covers only emergency dental treatment.
Travelling with Children
For the vomiting child or those experiencing diarrhea, it may be helpful to pack rehydration powders. Care should be taken with children on trips and they should not be allowed to drink tap water. Food provided for children should be of high quality.
In case of illness, the insurance company may locate the nearest source of medical help, but asking your hotel is faster and in a grave emergency make sure to contact your embassy or consulate. Travel insurance usually covers emergency dental treatment.