Persian (/ˈpɜːrʒən/ or /ˈpɜːrʃən/), also known as Farsi (farsiفارسی [fɒːɾˈsiː]), is  the  main  Iranian  language  within  the  Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. Farsi is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and some other regions which historically were Persian societies and considered part of Greater Iran.  The language is written in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script, which itself evolved from the Aramaic alphabet. The Persian language is classified as a continuation of Middle  Persian, the  official religious and literary language of the Sassanid empire, itself a continuation of Old Persian, the language of the Achaemenid empire.

The grammar is similar to that of many contemporary European languages. Having approximately 110 million Persian speakers worldwide, with the language holding official status in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan; for centuries, Persian has also been a prestigious cultural language in other regions of Western Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia by the various empires based   in the regions. Some of the famous works of Persian literature are Shahnameh of Ferdowsi, the works of Rumi, Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, Panj Ganj of Nizami Ganjavi, Divan of Hafez and the two miscellanea of prose and verse by Saadi Shirazi named Gulistan and Bustan. 

English
Persian Pronunciation
Persian Equivalent
Hi
Salaam
سلام
How are you?
Haaletoun chetoreh?
حالتون چطوره؟
I am fine
Man khoubam
من خوبم
Bad
Bad
بد
And you?
Shomaa chetor?
و شما؟
Iran is beautiful
Iraan zibaast
ایران زیباست
Thank you
Mamnoun
ممنون
You are welcome
Qaabeli Nadaareh
قابلی نداره
Enjoy your meal
Az qazaa lezzat bebarid
از غذا لذت ببرید
Expression you say after eating
Noush-e jaan
نوش جان
say to somebody who just took a Shower
Aafiat baashe
عافیت باشه
The answer to that expression
Salaamat baashi
سلامت باشی
Sorry
Sharmandeh
شرمنده
Please
Lotfan
لطفا
Excuse me
Bebakhshid
ببخشید
No problem
Moshkeli nist
مشکلی نیست
I
Man
من
WeMaa
ما
You/You (plural)
To/Shomaa
تو/شما
He/She/It
Oou/Oou/Aan
او/او/آن
They
Aanhaa
آنها
What is your name?
Esme shomaa chiyeh?
اسم شما چیه؟
My name is Jordi
Esme man Jordi hast
اسم من جوردی هست
How old are you?
Chand saletoune?
چند سالتونه؟
I am 30 years old
Man si saal daaram
من سی سال دارم
Where are you from?
Az kojaa oomadi?
از کجا اومدی؟
I am from Barcelona
Az Baarcelonaa oomadam
از بارسلونا اومدم
Where do you go?
Kojaa daari miri?
کجا داری میری؟
I go to Tehran
Man be Tehraan miram
من به تهران میرم
We go to Tehran
Maa be Tehraan mirim
ما به تهران میریم
Me too
Manam hamin-tor
منم همینطور
Us too
Maa ham hamin-tor
ما هم همینطور
Can we go with you?
Mitounim baa shomaa biaayeem?
میتونیم با شما بیایم؟
Center of the town
Markaz-e shahr
مرکز شهر
Here
Injaa
اینجا
There
Aanjaa
آنجا
Let’s go
Bia Berimبیا بریم
Food
Qazaa
غذا
Water
Aab
آب
Big
Bozorg
بزرگ
Small
Koochak
کوچک
Milk
Sheer
شیر
Coffee
Qahveh
قهوه
Bread
Naan
نان
Chicken
Morq
مرغ
Tomato
Gojeh
گوجه
Mushrooms
Qaarch
قارچ
Rice
Berenj
برنج
Beans
Loubiaa
لوبیا
Potatoes
Sib zamini
سیب زمینی
How much is it?
In chandeh?
این چنده؟
Juice
Aab-miveh 
آبمیوه
Tea
Chaay
چای
Hot
Daaq
داغ
Cold
Sard
سرد
With sugar
Baa shekar
با شکر
Without sugar
Bedoon-e shekar
بدون شکر
Cheers
Be salaamati
به سلامتی 
Tent
Chaador Mosaferati
 چادر مسافرتی
Can I camp here tonight?
Mitounam emshab injaa otraaq konam?
میتونم امشب اینجا اتراق کنم؟
Where can I camp?
Kojaa mitounam chaador bezanam?
کجا میتونم چادر بزنم؟
Where can we camp?
Kojaa mitounim chaador bezanim?
کجا میتونیم چادر بزنیم؟
Monday
Do shanbeh
دوشنبه
Tuesday
Se shanbeh
سه شنبه
Wednesday
Chaahaar shanbeh
چهارشنبه
Thursday
Panj shanbeh
پنج شنبه
Friday
Jom’eh
جمعه
Saturday
Shanbeh
شنبه
Sunday
Yek shanbeh
یکشنبه
Accommodation   
 Eqāmatgāh
اقامتگاه
Toilet  
 Dastshouee 
دستشویی
Street   
 Khiābān
خیابان
Help   
 Komāk 
کمک
Friend   
Doust 
دوست
Buy  
 Kharid 
خرید
Ticket  
 Bilit 
بلیت
Cheap   
Arzān 
ارزان
Expensive   
Gerān
گران
Today 
  Emrouz 
امروز
Tomorrow
Farda 
فردا
Yesterday 
  Dirouz
دیروز
Open  
 Bāz 
باز
Closed 
Basteh
بسته
Beautiful     
Zibaa
زیبا
Very  
Kheili 
خیلی
Sea    
Daryā
دریا
Man
Mard 
مرد
Woman  
 Zan
زن
Castle   
Qal’eh 
قلعه
Do you speak English?
Shoma Engelisi baladid?
شما انگلیسی بلدید؟
I don’t speak Farsi
Man Faarsi balad nistam
من فارسی بلد نیستم
How do I get to…?
Chetour mitounam be …. Beram?
چطور میتونم به … برم؟
Left
Chap
چپ
Right
Raast
راست
Straight ahead
Mostaqim
مستقیم
I understand
Fahmidam
فهمیدم
I don’t understand
Nafahmidam
نفهمیدم
I like Tehran
Man Tehran ro doust daram
من تهران رو دوست دارم
I don’t like Tehran
Man Tehran ro doust nadaram
من تهران رو دوست ندارم
I know
Midounam
میدونم


October 22, 2020
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